At Yago School we have spent years researching how children learn, studying the gurus and experts of education, and applying some of the pedagogical methodologies they propose.
Traditionally, Spanish pupils fail in PISA reports. It seems that the Spanish system carries many shortcomings caused by constant political changes.
For us the key is methodological change. We must consider how children learn and remember more effectively. With this in mind, we have made our own version of Dale’s Learning Pyramid, which we will outline below:
It is an essential activity but, in and of itself, it is not very effective for learning and this is because it is a passive activity, where the child does not intervene.
It is the method most used by teachers in Spain. The teacher explains, the child listens, and then tries to memorize it to put it into an exam. The child does not participate and therefore does not remember in the medium-to-long term.
Any explanation that has a visual support such as schemes, drawings, mental maps and the like, help learning, but are insufficient in themselves.
SEEING AUDIOVISUALS, EXHIBITIONS, DEMONSTRATIONS (50%)
Another technique widely used when teaching in class is the use of films, documentaries or demonstrations. In this way the pupil is involved a little more and retention of the material is somewhat better.
EXHIBITIONS OF WORK AND DEBATES (70%)
With these activities pupils become active subjects in learning, which contributes to the memory. Arguing, the level of learning increases significantly. It is a complex task in which the pupil has to put in place several capacities: linguistics, research, analysis, understanding the subject, evaluating the alternatives that exist, positioning himself, and defending his position or the contrary, expressing it in a way that convinces others. There are multiple benefits.
DRAMATIZATIONS, CONDUCTING PRACTICES AND TEACHING OTHERS (90%)
The best way to learn is to do things for yourself, experimenting, acting and teaching others, because for this the child must master what they are explaining and focus on it in every possible way, thinking of examples so that the recipient understands as much as possible.
Every day at Yago School there are classes explaining a topic or a project they have just done to their classmates a theme or a project. On this occasion, the children of Primary 1 visited Primary 3 to explain the unit that had just finished.
The benefit was mutual to both the pupil who taught and the one who was taught, since having the language of equals allowed them to better understand the subject matter and put cooperative work into practice.
What really enriches learning is a combination of techniques, so in Yago School we incorporate different methodologies into each subject, and include questions that make the child have to explain in their own words what they have understood, or have them represent it through a drawing, a play, a song or a story, which they will later have to teach their classmates.