Spring allergy and otitis

by | May 19, 2022 | Uncategorized, Yago School

Yago School Nurse actively collaborates with the management team to promote and encourage health in the school, offering its vision as professionals through health workshops and training courses and encouraging students to promote healthy habits and lifestyle.

The role of the School Nurse Department (Redvital Salud) involves more than just providing medical attention and health care to all those who need it in our school and this time they inform us about spring allergies and otitis, very useful recommendations to take care of our children’s health.

Spring allergy;

Allergy is a reaction of the immune system to a substance (usually pollen) to a substance (usually pollens), that the body recognises as a strange substance (allergen) and acts against it.Spring allergy is seasonal and is caused by  different types of pollens, which mainly cause respiratory symptoms. 

Symptoms appear when there are pollen levels in the air that can trigger allergy. Symptoms are worse in open spaces, on sunny and windy days, with improvement on rainy days.

What are the symptoms?
  •  Runny nose.
  •  Clear mucus
  • Itchy eyes or nose.
  • Nasal congestion.
  • Frequent sneezing.
  • Swollen, watery eyes.
Differences to a cold;

         – Common cold

  • No allergic conjunctivitis develops..
  • May have fever.
  • Cough with mucus.
  • General indisposition.

         – Allergy:

  • Allergic conjunctivitis (red itchy eyes).
  • No fever.
  • Dry cough.
  • Disappears or improves without the allergen
When do you need to ask a professional?

It is recommended that you consult your pediatrician. If the child has the symptoms described. If the child does not react to the previously prescribed treatment

How can we minimise the effects?
  • When outdoors, wear sunglasses to protect your eyes.
  • Wearing a filter mask may help to improve symptoms.
  • Avoid driving with open windows in the car. .
  • Avoid exercising outdoors when pollen levels are high or when you have allergic symptoms.
  • Keep windows closed at home at this time of year.

It can be very helpful to consult mobile applications to find out the pollen levels in your city or town.  These can be consulted on the website of the Spanish Society of Allergology: https://www.polenes.com/es/homee

Acute otitis externa

Summer is almost here and with it comes swimming pools and bathing in the sea. For this reason, we must be careful to prevent otitis. In this section you will get information on otitis and tips on how to prevent it and treat it. 

Acute otitis externa (AOE) is an inflammation of the external auditory canal that can extend to the pinna or tympanic membrane. Children who swim or spend a lot of time in the water at the beach or pool are more likely to develop swimmer’s ear, which is why it is also known as swimmer’s ear.

Why do they develop it?

It can be caused by several different types of bacteria and fungi. Moisture and erosions of the external auditory canal are the main causes that may lead to infection.

How do we prevent it?

Avoiding moisture: dry the ears with a towel and make it easier for water to drain out of the ears by tilting the head to either side.

Using earplugs or a bathing cap to protect the ears when swimming.

What are the symptoms?
  •  Sensation of ear plugging or temporary hearing loss.
  •  Reddening ear.
  •  Clear fluid drainage from the ear canal
  •  Pain and enlarged lymph nodes around the ear.
Therapy;
  •  Pain control: (ibuprofen or paracetamol).
  •  Topical antibiotic drops: applied directly to the canal.
Proper administration of treatment;
  •  Tilt the head towards the shoulder opposite the affected ear.
  •  Pull the ear upwards and introduce the prescribed number of drops into the ear canal.
  •  The child should remain in the same position for 3 to 5 minutes.

School Nurse Department. Redvital Salud (Source: Spanish Association of Paediatrics)

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