Sugar intake in children and adolescents

by | Dec 4, 2021 | Yago School

Our school nurse gives us very healthy recommendations every month that we share in this section of the Blog.  

Sugars, naturally present in many foods, are necessary for children and adolescents, as they provide energy and support the development of cognitive functions. However, in today’s diet, we find many foods that contain high levels of added sugars, defined as sugars that are added during food processing and preparation and provide calories without nutrients, including juices or fruit juice concentrates. 

As a starting point, it should be noted that the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) advise an intake of free sugars of less than 10% of the total caloric value of the diet, preferably below 5%. 

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How can this be reduced? 

Drastically REDUCE consumption of industrial pastries, snacks, biscuits, milkshakes, etc. 

OPT for less or non-processed foods rich in nutrients.

WATCH added sugar in other foods such as sliced bread, sauces, etc. 

OFFER fruit instead of juices, dairy desserts or other desserts.

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What causes excess sugars?  SUGAR CONSUMPTION is directly related to: 

CAVITIES 

When sugary foods are eaten, some of them remain on the tooth’s surface and are then metabolised by bacteria, producing acids that destroy the enamel. 

OBESITY 

More and more children are becoming overweight and obese and it is occurring at younger and younger ages. According to data from the World Health Organisation (WHO), obesity has tripled in the last four decades and continues to increase.

DIABETES/HYPERTENSION 

If children internalize the importance of a diet rich in fruit, vegetables and unprocessed foods from an early age, it will be easier to reduce the rates of childhood and adult obesity and its potential complications such as diabetes and hypertension. 

Take care of them and avoid sugar!

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