Heat stroke is caused by extreme elevation of body temperature due to heat exposure. This exposure can lead to loss of water and mineral salts that alter the body’s thermal regulation system. Overheating follows from this.
Who are affected?
We can all potentially be affected, but mostly children, elderly people, pregnant women, …
What are the symptoms?
High fever, headache, dizziness and nausea, reddened skin, tiredness, accelerated pulse, and unconsciousness.
Prevention of heat stroke.
- Avoid exposure to the sun during the hottest hours.
- Wear appropriate clothing (transpirable, light, loose-fitting, light-colored clothes).
- Protect children’s heads with a light hat.
- Use sun protection whenever they are exposed to the sun.
- Control the time of exposure.
- Drink enough water and cool down.
- Do not leave children alone in the car under any circumstances, neither in the sun nor in the shade, even if the windows are left open. In summer, vehicles can reach very high temperatures inside.
What to do in a heat stroke?
- Place the child in the shade, in a cool and ventilated place.
- Remove unnecessary clothes and loosen them.
- Place cold water compresses (not ice) on the head, face, neck and chest.
- Do not put the child in ice water.
- If the child is conscious and not vomiting, give him/her cold water or an isotonic drink.
- Take the child to the hospital as soon as possible to be examined.
- If the child is unconscious, call 112, and if the child is breathing, place in the lateral safety position.
- If unconscious, call 112, and if NOT breathing, start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (30 compressions/2 breaths).
Source: Spanish Association of Pediatrics
Yago School Nursing Department